# Right triangles

Description for the calculation of right triangles and the Pythagorean theorem

## Right Triangles And Pythagorean Theorem

The Pythagorean Theorem states that in a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the legs. The hypotenuse is the longest side of a right triangle. It is always across from the right angle.

sed on this right triangle, you can write an equation using the Pythagorean Theorem as follows

$$a^2+b^2=c^2$$

$$\sqrt{s^2+b^2}$$ ## Pythagorean triple

A Pythagorean triplet is made up of three natural numbers, which may appear as lengths of the sides of a right triangle.

• A Pythagorean triple is a right triangle whose sides are in the ratio 3:4:5

• The side lengths do not need to measure 3, 4, and 5; however, they do need to reduce to that ratio

• For example, the side lengths 9, 12, and 15 are a Pythagorean triple because it simplifies to the ratio 3:4:5

## The Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem

You can also use the Pythagorean Theorem to determine if a triangle is acute, right, or obtuse. This is known as the converse of the Pythagorean Theorem, which reads as follows

• If $$c^2 < a^2 + b^2$$, then the triangle is acute

• If $$c^2 = a^2 + b^2$$, then the triangle is right

• If $$c^2 > a^2 + b^2$$, then the triangle is obtuse

## Special Right Triangles

wo types of right triangles are considered special right triangles. One of the special right triangles has angles that measure 30°, 60°, and 90°. The other special right triangle has angles that measure 45°, 45°, and 90°. The size of the triangle does not matter; it just needs to have specific measures for its angles.

## 30°-60°-90° Triangle

The lengths of the sides of a $$30° - 60° - 90°$$ triangle are in a ratio of $$b=a·\sqrt{3}$$ The hypotenuse is twice the length of the side $$a$$ opposite the $$30°$$ angle.

• Therefore, $$a$$ must be the following $$a = c/2$$
• And $$b$$ must be $$b=c/2·\sqrt{3}$$

Using this information, you can determine the value of $$a$$ and $$b$$ for the triangle, if you know the value of $$c$$.

## 45°-45°-90° Triangle

The sides $$a$$ of a 45° - 45° - 90° triangle are the same length. • The ratio of side lengths to hypotenuse is $$\displaystyle \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}$$
• This results in $$\displaystyle a=\frac{c}{\sqrt{2}}$$