Calculate RC series circuit

Calculator and formulas for calculating the voltage and power of an RC series circuit

RC series circuit online calculator

This function calculates the voltages, powers, currents, impedance and reactance of a series circuit consisting of a resistor and a capacitor.

RC series circuit calculator

Decimal places
Reactance XC
Impedance Z
Voltage UR
Voltage UC
Current I
Real power P
Reactive power Q
Apparent power S
Phase angle φ
CR Serienschaltung, RC Reihenschaltung

Formula for calculating a series circuit

The total resistance of the RC series circuit in the AC circuit is called Impedance Z. Ohm's law applies to the entire circuit.

The current is the same at every measuring point. Current and voltage are in phase at the ohmic resistance. The voltage rushes across the capacitive reactance of the capacitor after the current by −90 °.

The total voltage U is the sum of the geometrically added partial voltages. For this purpose, both partial voltages form the legs of a right triangle. Its hypotenuse corresponds to the total voltage U. The resulting triangle is called the voltage triangle or vector diagram of the voltages.

Voltage triangle

\(\displaystyle U=\sqrt{{U_R}^2+{U_C}^2} \) \(\displaystyle φ=arctan \left( \frac{U_C}{U_R} \right) \)

\(\displaystyle U\) Total voltage
\(\displaystyle U_R\) Voltage across the resistor
\(\displaystyle U_C\) Voltage across the capacitor

Resistance triangle

\(\displaystyle Z=\sqrt{R^2+{X_C}^2} \)

\(\displaystyle R\) Real power
\(\displaystyle X_C\) Reactance
\(\displaystyle Z\) Impedance

Power triangle

\(\displaystyle S=\sqrt{P^2+Q^2} \) \(\displaystyle φ=arctan \left( \frac{Q}{P} \right) \)

\(\displaystyle P\) Real power
\(\displaystyle Q\) Reactive power
\(\displaystyle S\) Apparent power

Power in the RC series circuit

The multiplication of the instantaneous values of voltage U and current I results in the power curve.

Real power

The multiplication of the voltage across the resistor and the current result in the real power. The real power is converted into heat in the resistor.

\(\displaystyle P=U_R·I \) \(\displaystyle P=R·I^2 \)

Reactive power

The reactive power oscillates back and forth between the capacitor and the generator.

\(\displaystyle Q=U_C ·I \) \(\displaystyle Q=X_C ·I^2 \)

Apparent power

The apparent power is a purely arithmetic variable.

\(\displaystyle S=U ·I \) \(\displaystyle S=Z ·I^2 \)

Leistungsfaktor cos(φ)

The power factor indicates how much of the apparent power S is the real power P is generated.

\(\displaystyle cos(φ)=\frac{P}{S} \)

\(\displaystyle S\) Apparent power
\(\displaystyle P\) Real power
\(\displaystyle φ\) Phase shift

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