RL differentiator calculation

Calculator and formulas for calculating a RL differentiator

RL differentiator online calculator

This function can be used to calculate the properties of a a resistor and a coil differentiating circuit. The function calculates the coil, the resistance or the period or the frequency.

Calculate differentiators

  Was soll berechnet werden ?
Decimal places

Formulas for RL differentiator

The differentiator works as a pulse shaper. The RL element generates a pulse-like alternating voltage at the output of the circuit from a square-wave voltage at the input of the circuit.

  T = Period
  t1 = Pulse

The time constant τ (Tau) of an RL element is calculated using the following formula:

\(\displaystyle Τ= \frac{L}{R}\)    ⇒    \(\displaystyle R=\frac{L}{Τ} \)    ⇒    \(\displaystyle L= Τ · R \)

τ (Tau) is the symbol for a time constant and should not be confused with the period time T in the graphic above.

If the length of the rectangular pulse (t1) corresponds to 5 times the time constant τ of the RL element, a pulse train like the one in the figure below is created.

\(\displaystyle t1= 5 · \frac{L}{R}\)    ⇒    \(\displaystyle R=\frac{5 ·L}{t1} \)    ⇒    \(\displaystyle L=\frac{t1 · R}{5} \)

If the pulse duration of the input voltage is much greater than 5 τ , short pulses equal to the input voltage are generated. The following figure shows a pulse train that occurs when the pulse length (t1) corresponds to 10 τ .

\(\displaystyle t1= 10 · \frac{L}{R}\)    ⇒    \(\displaystyle R=\frac{10 ·L}{t1} \)    ⇒    \(\displaystyle L=\frac{t1 · R}{10} \)

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